Arteriovenous Malformations

Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) Treatment in India:

AVM Treatment in India -This is an Abnormal connection between arteries and veins, which are usually present at birth but the clinical manifestation is usually by hemorrhage, seizures or weakness of one side/ limb of the body, most commonly found in adolescents and young adults. They carry a risk of causing brain hemorrhage which is low but not insignificant.

What Causes Arteriovenous Malformations?

AVM Treatment in India -AVMs, as stated above, are usually considered to be congenital, but they are not known to be inheritable/familial disease though exceptions may have been reported in the literature.

Embolization

AVM Treatment in India -Embolization is a procedure which is done in the cath lab through the endovascular route, without cutting open the skull under general anesthesia.

This procedure is done via a needle puncture in the groin and a small tube known as a catheter has to be guided under fluoroscopic guidance up to the neck vessels.

Then a miniature tube called micro catheter and micro wire are navigated up to the AVM.

AVM Treatment in India

AVM Treatment in India -The architecture of AVM consists of a feeding artery in the nidus ( abnormal junction of arterial and venous blood bypassing the normal capillaries of the brain ) .

AVM Treatment in India

micro catheters is positioned at the mouth of Indus and liquid embolic agent specific for the AVM is very slowly and carefully injected to plug the artery and the nidus.

AVM Treatment in India -The embolization can be curative and may have to be done in more than one session. However, some AVMs may need surgery or radiation for a complete cure.

 

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