Brain Hemorrhage

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Overview

A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke that is caused by an artery in the brain bursting and causing bleeding in the surrounding tissues. Also known as cerebral hemorrhages, intracranial hemorrhages, and intracerebral hemorrhages, they account for as much as 13% of strokes in humans. 

What Happens During A Brain Hemorrhage?

Bleeding from a hemorrhage can cause compression and damage to the brain tissues. Compression from excessive bleeding caused due to hemorrhage may be so severe that it can prevent the oxygen-rich blood from flowing to the brain tissue. This lack of oxygen in the brain can cause swelling or cerebral edema. 

Pooled blood from the excessive bleeding from a brain hemorrhage can collect into a mass of blood. This mass of blood is known as a hematoma. Due to these conditions, the pressure on nearby brain tissue increases, and this reduces vital blood flow that kills brain cells. 

 

Above: Pictorial Representation Of Hematoma (Left) and Hemorrhage (Right)

What are the risk factors/causes of Brain Hemorrhage?

As there are several risk factors and causes that can lead to brain hemorrhages. The common ones are:

  • Head Trauma: Head injury can lead to bleeding in the brain for those younger than age 50. 
  • High Blood Pressure: Over a long period, high blood pressure can weaken the blood vessel walls.
  • Blood Vessel Abnormalities: Weaknesses in the blood vessels in and around the brain may be present from birth. 
  • Aneurysm: Aneurysms can cause weakening in the blood vessels that swell causing them to bleed or burst into the brain. 
  • Amyloid Angiopathy: This abnormality of blood vessels can occur with aging and high blood pressure.
  • Blood Disorders: Disorders such as Hemophilia and Sickle Cell Anemia can lead to lower counts of blood platelets.
  • Liver Disease: This disease is associated with bleeding.
  • Brain Tumors

With the help of your doctor/ healthcare professional, you can determine if there is any reason for concern. Your doctor can suggest getting additional tests to determine the exact cause of brain hemorrhage. In most cases, the initial step would be to get a noninvasive ultrasound that will show an image of your veins and arteries and help your doctor make a more accurate diagnosis. 

What are the symptoms of Brain Hemorrhage?

The symptoms of brain hemorrhage depend on a variety of factors such as the location of bleeding, the severity of bleeding, and the amount of tissue affected. Symptoms of brain hemorrhage can either develop suddenly or overtime. As brain hemorrhage is a life-threatening condition, if you experience any of the following symptoms, you should visit a doctor immediately:

  • A sudden & severe headache
  • Weakness in an arm or leg 
  • Difficulty with swallowing
  • Loss of balance or coordination 
  • Confusion or difficulty with understanding
  • Changes in vision decreased alertness
  • An abnormal sense of taste
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Loss of fine motor skills
  • Tingling or numbness

The above-mentioned symptoms are often caused due to conditions other than brain hemorrhages as well. 

How is a brain hemorrhage treated?

Only a qualified doctor can determine if you have a brain hemorrhage depending on your symptoms and the part of the brain affected. Your doctor may run different imaging tests such as a CT Scan and MRI to check for internal bleeding or blood accumulation. A neurological or an eye exam may be performed to check for swelling in the optic nerve. 

Above: Imaging Test- CT Scan Of A Brain With Hemorrhagic Stroke

Treatment for brain hemorrhage depends on different factors. Surgery may be needed in some cases to alleviate swelling and prevent further bleeding. Your doctor may also prescribe medicines that may include painkillers, corticosteroids or diuretics, and anticonvulsants. 

Dr. Vikas Gupta is one of the most reputed neurosurgeons in Delhi. He has been practicing neurosurgery for the past 35 years and is among a handful neurosurgeons in India who are formally trained in both micro-neurosurgeries and neuro-interventional surgeries. He currently serves as the HOD and Consultant for the Department of Neurosurgery and Neuro-Interventional Surgery at the prestigious Manipal Hospital, Delhi.

Can people recover from Brain Hemorrhages?

Recovery from a brain hemorrhage is largely dependent on the size of the brain hemorrhage, the amount of swelling, and how well a patient responds to treatment. While some patients recover completely, some suffer from possible complications such as stroke, loss of brain function, side effects from treatments. Death is possible too, despite prompt medical treatment. 

Can brain hemorrhages be prevented?

Some ways to minimize the risk for brain hemorrhage include:

  • Quit Smoking
  • Don’t use drugs
  • Treat high blood pressure
  • Take necessary precautions while driving/riding
  • Investigate corrective surgery for those with abnormalities

Happy Patients

Reshma Khanna

Businessman

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Dr. Vikas Gupta is a very good neurosurgeon. We are very satisfied with his stroke treatment for my mother. We were scared initially when our mom suffered from a brain stroke but Dr. Vikas assured us that with the help of surgery, she would be better. It’s been 3 months since her surgery and she is recovering well.

Aditya Singh

Lawyer

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Dr. Vikas is one of the best neurosurgeons that I know of. I visited him for my father’s brain surgery and like always, Dr. Vikas didn’t disappoint. The surgery was successful and my father has almost recovered from it. Thank you doctor for your guidance and support.

Sanket Malik

Hotelier

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My experience with Dr. Vikas Gupta was very good. He is kind, empathetic and helpful. He made sure we understood the problem which we were facing and was transparent and honest about everything. His diagnosis was accurate and treatment offered was cost effective

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Spine and Brain Healers provides advanced medical care in the field of Adult neurosurgery,Paediatric Neurosurgery surgery, and Interventional Neurosurgery .

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